Modern slavery is an unseen crime, it hides in takeaways, hotels, car washes, nail bars and private homes. There is no typical victim of slavery. Victims can be men, women and children of all ages but it is normally more prevalent amongst the most vulnerable, minority or socially excluded groups. The broad categories of Modern Slavery include:
- Forced labour
- Debt bondage or bonded labour
- Human trafficking
- Child sexual or criminal exploitation
- Forced and early marriage
Victims are often trafficked to a foreign country where they cannot speak the language, have their travel and identity documents removed, and are told that if they try to attempt an escape, they or their families will be harmed.
- Is the victim in possession of a passport, identification or travel documents?
- Are these documents in possession of someone else?
- Does the victim act as if they were instructed or coached by someone else?
- Do they allow others to speak for them when spoken to directly?
- Was the victim recruited for one purpose and forced to engage in some other job?
- Was their transport paid for by facilitators, whom they must pay back through providing services?
- Does the victim receive little or no payment for their work?
- Is someone else in control of their earnings?
- Was the victim forced to perform sexual acts?
- Does the victim have freedom of movement?
- Has the victim or family been threatened with harm if the victim attempts to escape?
- Is the victim under the impression they are bonded by debt, or in a situation of dependence?
- Has the victim been harmed or deprived of food, water, sleep, medical care or other life necessities?
- Can the victim freely contact friends or family?
- Do they have limited social interaction or contact with people outside their immediate environment?
How to report modern slavery
If you think you or someone you know is a victim of modern slavery, you can report it online or call Surrey Police on 101 (always call 999 in an emergency). You can also report it in person at your local police station.